Some measures on the control of imported commodity

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Some foreign measures to control the packaging materials of imported commodities some countries prohibit the entry of the following materials or require strict quarantine and sanitation treatment before entry

straw the U.S. Customs prohibits imported commodities from being wrapped, packaged or used as auxiliary filling materials for packaging. Once they are found, they must be burned on the spot; In the UK, where straw is used as the packing liner for imported goods, it is required that the straw must be sterilized, disinfestated and other preventive treatments in advance

there are many wooden buildings in Japan, so the introduction and spread of termites and wood borers are most forbidden. Bamboo without cooking or fumigation is very susceptible to insects. Therefore, Japan refuses to accept the import of bamboo chips as packaging materials or lining materials; In view of the fact that wooden crates cannot be recycled, Germany prohibits the use of wooden crates as packaging for imported goods; Since September1998, the United States has required that all wood packaging and wood bedding materials from China must undergo high-temperature treatment, fumigation or preservative treatment, otherwise they will be refused entry into the customs; Since January1999, Canada has also strictly controlled the wood packaging materials used for goods imported from China. It is required that they must undergo insect proof treatment in advance, and attached with certificates issued by relevant Chinese parties, indicating that these woods have been heat treated or chemically treated. The United Kingdom, the European Union and Brazil also require that all wooden packages from China shall not have bark, worm holes with a diameter greater than 3mm, or must be heat treated to make the wood moisture content less than 20%

the motor power of the beam moving up and down is 0.55kw; For some non degradable packaging materials, some countries take measures to prohibit (or restrict) the production, import, sale and use

polyvinyl chloride (PVC) packaging materials the use of PVC packaging materials is completely prohibited in European countries. The German government has taken measures to promote the industry to change the plastic bottles containing beverages into PET bottles, and requires that 80% of PET bottles be recycled; Italy has informed foreign exporters several years ago that there is not much pressure on vehicle enterprises to reach the VOC national standard. PVC is used as packaging, and the packaged goods cannot enter Italy; Austria prohibits the production, import or sale of non durable consumer goods and children's appliances packed with PVC; Japan strictly controls the use of non recyclable plastic packaging materials

CFC containing foamed plastics the state of New York has banned the use of fast food boxes and coffee cups made of CFC expanded polystyrene; Connecticut regulations prohibit the sale and use of packaging materials made of polystyrene; It is forbidden to use non recyclable materials in the packaging of consumer goods. FDA issued regulations to restrict acrylonitrile and prohibit the use of materials containing polychlorinated biphenyls. In order to protect the ozone layer over the earth, the Council of Ministers of environment of the European community decided to stop the production of chlorofluorocarbons ahead of schedule, requiring full implementation in 1997. Before that, Germany, Denmark and the United Kingdom had already stopped producing CFCs

non renewable or non decomposable raw materials the Minnesota State Congress of the United States passed a ban on the use of non renewable raw materials in food stores and restaurants High molecular material preparation and recycling technology plastic containers. The European Community stipulates that the design and production of packaging products must meet the requirements of reuse and regeneration, and management measures will be formulated for non recoverable and non decomposable raw materials. Italy stipulates that the plastic used to make shopping bags and other packaging materials must be biodegradable plastic

countries also have strict regulations on the treatment of packaging waste. The European Community promulgated the directive on packaging/packaging waste in 1991 and implemented it on January 1st, 1993. The directive aims to reduce the impact of packaging waste on the environment and save raw materials and energy; It stipulates 11 obligations that Member States must undertake. In december1994, the European Union adopted the packaging guidelines program, which requires all Member States of the European community to establish a packaging material recycling system

EU member states have also enacted legislation to regulate the treatment of packaging waste. For example, the German government and the industry reached an agreement on saving resources and increasing the recycling of packaging waste, and promulgated the waste treatment and management law; Subsequently, the German government officially promulgated the packaging waste decree, which made it clear in the form of legislation that product producers and sellers are responsible for recycling packaging waste. In order to facilitate waste disposal, Germany puts forward the following requirements for cartons: the surface of cartons shall not be waxed, oiled, or coated with moisture-proof materials such as plastic and asphalt; No wax paper or oily paper on the surface; The carton shall be connected by means of bonding, and no metal or plastic nails or clamps shall be used; Glue the box as much as possible. PVC or other plastic tapes are not allowed. If plastic tapes have to be used, PE and Pb free ones should also be used; The marking on the carton must be made with water-soluble pigment. In order to make the transportation packaging of imported goods meet the recycling requirements, German importers have issued a notice to foreign exporters asking them to cooperate

France also raised the issue of recycling and reuse of packaging waste as early as the 1970s. The transportation packaging regulations applicable to all packaging except household sales packaging have been issued, which states that the transportation packaging waste must be incinerated into energy to achieve the purpose of recycling or converting it into a reusable material. At the same time, packaging users are required to separate products from packaging, and companies and retailers are required to recycle and reprocess transportation packaging wastes

although the United States does not have a packaging waste Ordinance similar to that of the European Union, under the guidance of the general packaging waste policy of the United States federal government, each state will adopt different policies, formulate its own plans and choose its own methods if it wants to make the later operation more safe, stable and accurate. For example, Washington state has passed the law on the control of littering, and a certain proportion of waste disposal fees will be charged for those factories that litter packaging waste. Other states have similar laws

Japan is also one of the countries with earlier legislation on packaging waste, such as the waste disposal law in 1970, the marine dumping rules law in 1976, and the renewable resources utilization Promotion Law in 1991. Air pollution law, etc. The energy protection and recycling promotion law, which came into force in June, 1993, emphasizes the selective collection of recyclable waste and the production of recyclable packaging products, changing the old habit of burning 72% of packaging waste in the past. The Japanese government also followed the European practice and made clear provisions on the collection, classification and reuse of packaging wastes based on the "polluter pays" principle. At the same time, Japan also actively promotes the appropriate packaging, requiring lightweight packaging, re resourceful packaging, easy handling, etc

transportation packaging is closely related to commodities and trade. Some countries' requirements for packaging materials in the domestic market are also binding on imported goods. After China's entry into WTO, the export channels are becoming more and more extensive, and the domestic market is becoming more and more open. Domestic enterprises should pay attention to the relevant provisions of foreign packaging materials to ensure the smooth export of goods. Relevant departments should learn from foreign practices and formulate corresponding technical regulations to protect the domestic ecological environment from the invasion of alien organisms

reprinted from: Packaging Market

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