Some neglected problems in modern e-commerce logis

2022-08-03
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Several neglected problems in modern e-commerce logistics

e-commerce has always been a hot topic at present. As a very important part of e-commerce, logistics is more and more mentioned and valued by people. Especially in the retail industry, logistics has become the key to enterprise competition. However, due to various reasons, the development of logistics is still facing many problems, such as backward management concepts, technology gaps, etc. This article only introduces some problems that are easy to be ignored in the development of logistics in China

The focus of logistics in the 21st century is the integrated management of the supply chain, and the warehouse plays the role of intermediate turnover in the whole supply chain. Therefore, warehouse management directly affects the prospects of a company's logistics development. At present, most of our warehouses used for logistics are integrated and transformed from the original traditional warehouses, and some are even transformed from the old factory buildings or garages of the factory. Therefore, the site is not only very unprofessional, but also its function is very single

area proportion of free warehouses of logistics enterprises in China

it can be clearly seen from the figure that the warehouses of logistics enterprises in China are mainly ordinary bungalow warehouses and ordinary warehouses. The quantity of thermal insulation warehouse, frozen waste foam granulator, automatic three-dimensional warehouse, air conditioning warehouse and dangerous goods warehouse is obviously small. Requirements unfavorable to special storage. However, the demand for too many ordinary warehouses is not very large, resulting in low utilization rate of warehouse location; In sharp contrast, the location of special warehouses is insufficient. It can not meet the requirements of modern logistics to strengthen the specialization and specialization of supply chain reengineering

unbalanced regional development

China has a vast territory. Due to its own economic level, regional conditions, historical factors, national economic policies and other reasons, the economic development of the eastern and western regions is inconsistent, and the eastern logistics demand is relatively strong. At present, the eastern region of China has formed a pattern of four regional logistics circles centered on large coastal city clusters: ① the Bohai Sea Logistics circle dominated by Liaodong Peninsula, Shandong Peninsula and Beijing Tianjin Hebei region. ② The Yangtze River Delta logistics circle centered on Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Ningbo; ③ The logistics circle around the Taiwan Strait centered on Xiamen and Fuzhou; ④ The Pearl River Delta logistics circle centered on Guangzhou and Shenzhen

in terms of the development of logistics in Western China, a certain foundation has been formed However, due to the old production mode and management concept, the western logistics presents a closed supply state, and many new equipment and facilities can not be fully utilized. As a result, various logistics functions and elements cannot be effectively connected and coordinated. Moreover, there is a lack of overall planning and regional coordination, and all links of logistics are separated from each other, with poor systematization; Moreover, due to the lack of understanding of logistics service demand and the fact that the concept of modern logistics has not been popularized in industrial and commercial enterprises, the logistics technology level and service capacity are still at a low level, and there is a lack of high value-added service projects. Therefore, the logistics output value in the western region has increased slowly and is still in a relatively low development stage

although the utilization of logistics resources in the west is not high, there is a lot of room for development. First of all, the western region has 70% of the land area and 22% of the cultivated land area. And the western region is rich in natural resources, especially the mineral reserves are very considerable. The total hydropower reserves and exploitable hydropower resources also account for 82.5% and 77% of the country respectively, but the current development rate is 12. 5% Main engine power: less than 1% of the servo motor drive system is used for exchange. China is still a developing country, so the demand for resources and the scarcity of non renewable resources determine that the western region has become an important energy source to ensure the long-term development of China's national economy. Secondly, the result of China's industrialization leads to the surplus of labor force, especially in the East and middle. However, it can also provide rich and low-cost labor resources for the construction of logistics infrastructure in the West. In addition, the western region is a bridge between the mainland and even the whole country to Central Asia, West Asia, South Asia, North Africa and even Europe, providing a broad development space for the development of logistics in the West. To sum up, it is very necessary to develop logistics in the western region. Scraping is to use a metal ruler to stand on the first end of the test mold top at an approximate angle

neglected agricultural logistics

China is a large agricultural country, with a population of 1.3 billion at present, of which the agricultural population accounts for 70%. However, most of the logistics goods in our country at present involve few aspects of agriculture

it can be seen from the figure that at present, most of the logistics services provided by China's logistics enterprises are mainly household appliances, electronic products, heavy machinery and textile and garment industries. The proportion of meat, milk and grain crops is not high. As a special type of industry, the special nature of agriculture also determines the difficulty of its logistics service: as we all know, China's Agriculture adopts small-scale production and management mode and the level of agricultural industrialization is low. There is a contradiction between small-scale production and large market. The particularity of agricultural products, such as seasonality, difficult storage and regionality. Therefore, its logistics links are more difficult to achieve than industrial products or household appliances. In addition, the objects of agricultural logistics include agricultural means of production in addition to the above-mentioned agricultural products. Compared with agricultural products, the logistics of agricultural means of production should be easier. But we still do not pay attention to this issue

industry category distribution of major customers of logistics enterprises

and China's traditional grain circulation system restricts the development of logistics. There are contradictions in the traditional circulation system of bulk agricultural products such as grain and the corresponding overstaffed rural organization system with a strong planning color. At present, the main grain sales areas have fully liberalized the grain market, and some main grain production and production and marketing balance areas in Anhui, Hunan, Shanxi and other provinces have also liberalized the grain purchase and marketing market, canceling the purchase of protective prices and replacing it with the pilot of direct subsidies to farmers. But now the requirements of agricultural logistics are not only these. To establish a new grain circulation system on the basis of marketization, it is necessary to carry out a series of supporting reform measures, including the reform of state-owned grain purchase and sale enterprises, the reform of rural finance and purchase loan system, the reform of agricultural subsidies, the development of new agricultural logistics enterprises and the reform of agricultural product marketing formats. At present, agricultural logistics is still a big blank in China's logistics, so how to deal with agricultural logistics is also a problem to be considered in China's logistics

anti risk capability of logistics system in 2003, SARS broke out. Our party and state quickly took strong measures to control the epidemic. However, SARS still caused a great setback to China's logistics. Among them, the material flow, operation cost and logistics speed are seriously affected. The investigation report on the impact of SARS on China's logistics industry and its countermeasures conducted by the current logistics research center of Nankai University during the outbreak of SARS shows that in April 2003, the freight volume and freight turnover volume of highway transportation in most SARS epidemic areas in China decreased to varying degrees; The air freight volume has been declining day by day, which has seriously hindered the cargo entering and leaving the airport, and the air freight rate has risen sharply; The port cargo throughput decreased significantly, especially the import and export of food, textiles and related raw materials. The report also shows that while the logistics volume decreases, the operating costs of enterprises increase significantly. In April, 2003, 88% of logistics enterprises had different degrees of additional cost expenditure, and 13.4% of enterprises' operating costs increased by more than 10%. In terms of market expansion, 69% of the surveyed enterprises' projects under negotiation were terminated or postponed to varying degrees, and 8% of the enterprises even had nearly half of the projects under negotiation terminated or postponed

during SARS, the circulation of goods was also very difficult, especially among different provinces and cities. Various signs show that the anti risk ability of China's logistics to emergencies needs to be improved

solutions

1. policy support:

every social system has a different value system, and this system directly affects people's thinking mode and communication rules. The members of this society are unconsciously using this system while carrying out social or productive activities. The biggest difference between China and the west is the perception of the individual and the whole. The West pays more attention to the embodiment of individual values, while China pays more attention to the idea of overall priority and obedience to the collective. And China was in a planned economy for a long time. The planned economy has cultivated the dependence and inertia of workers, and the rigid and rigid operation of enterprises has led to the lack of personalized and diversified competition in our market

this makes it easier to explain why some people put forward the idea of using satellites when Wal Mart developed, but not among Chinese enterprises. Because of our own values and thinking mode, people have a certain herd mentality. So we should pay attention to this feature, and then use it to develop our own logistics system and enterprises. Specifically, government departments should do some macro guidance. It should include: 1) the supply of logistics infrastructure, such as the reform of transportation system, to improve the competitiveness of the industry; 2) Improve the laws and regulations related to the logistics industry to ensure the rapid and orderly development of the logistics industry; 3) Further standardize China's logistics market and continue to introduce foreign enterprises to enhance the international competitiveness of China's logistics market; 4) Strengthen the training of national logistics consciousness and professional logistics talents; 5) We should scientifically and reasonably guide and coordinate the logistics industry in China, but we should adhere to the principle of market-oriented operation and should not intervene excessively. 6) Carry out overall planning and planning, and pay attention to the balance of local logistics development

2. regional problem solving

the country has implemented the western development strategy since 1999. Therefore, we should take this as an opportunity to select and build key economic belts, rationally distribute economic activities, and achieve the best combination of economic development, resources, environment and infrastructure in space. Based on the comprehensive analysis of the existing conditions in the west, it can be seen that in a certain period of time, it is unrealistic to generally develop modern regional logistics in the northwest. Therefore, we should choose the unbalanced development strategy. Geographically, a three-level logistics spatial structure will be established mainly in large and medium-sized cities with better conditions, forming a three-level spatial layout of the key areas of modern logistics development - logistics functional areas - logistics centers. While taking the central city as the supporting point for the logistics development in the western region, we should focus on the construction of urban economic areas and urban agglomerations. Specifically, Chongqing, Chengdu and Xi'an can be cultivated in the west to become a comprehensive economic zone of urban logistics region with national significance and a strategic support point of regional logistics in the West. In addition, we will vigorously develop seven major western cities, namely, Lanzhou, Kunming, Urumqi, Nanning, Guiyang, Hohhot and Yinchuan, as the gathering places for logistics in the western region

3. solving industrial problems

it needs a buffer process to solve those industries with low development level in China. At present, the development level of China's overall logistics is also low, so we should first pay attention to the development of China's overall logistics, and then gradually do it in detail. However, this does not mean that we can continue to ignore the development of logistics in these industries. because

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